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Year : 2014  |  Volume : 3  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 28-32

Unsafe injection practices: An occupational hazard for health care providers and a potential threat for community: A detailed study on injection practices of health care providers

1 Department of Preventive and Social Medicine, Regional Child Survival Officer, Surat Region, Government of Gujarat, Jamnagar, Gujarat, India
2 Department of Preventive and Social Medicine, VMMC & Safdarjung Hospital, New Delhi, India
3 Department of Preventive and Social Medicine, Shree MP Shah Medical College, Jamnagar, Gujarat, India

Correspondence Address:
Harsh D Shah
108, Dhanlaxmi Appartment, Rampark Society Areas, Modasa 383 315, Sabarkantha, Gujarat
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/2278-344X.130607

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Background: In developing countries, unsafe injection practices are widely prevalent which invites potential risk to them and to the community also. Recent outbreaks of blood borne viruses (BBVs) in India were mainly due to unsafe injections use. Aims: This study was aimed to carry out detailed observation on injection practices and prevalence of needle stick injuries among the health care providers. Settings and Design: A cross-section observational study was conducted in Government Institutes by simple random sampling of a district of Gujarat. The sample size of study subject was 251 varying from female health workers, staff nurses, medical officers, internees, lab technicians and PG residents of Government Institutes. Materials and Methods: The study subjects were selected by simple random sampling as per their population proportion to the size. The criteria were set to stamp the unsafe injection practices and the consent was obtained from the respected authorities and detailed analysis was performed. Statistical Analysis: The frequency distribution, Chi-square and odds ratio analysis were done in SPSS 17 and Microsoft Excel 2007. Results: The study revealed, majority subjects were observed with the needle touching non-sterilized places accounted 64.14% unsafe injections. During the study, it was found that, out of 161 who were practicing unsafe injection methods had proportion of injuries was 65% (104/161) with significant association.(P < 0.05) Conclusions: There had been constant break in aseptic environment, which may harm health care providers and improper behavior may transmit BBVs infections to community. Hands on training, infection control measure, implementation of rational drug/injection policy, surveillance with immediate response system are the need to tackle this future threat.

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