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Year : 2014  |  Volume : 3  |  Issue : 4  |  Page : 278-283

Impact of age, verified occupation and lifestyle on semen parameters of infertile males in Jaipur: A preliminary study

Department of Zoology, Centre for Advanced Studies, University of Rajasthan, Jaipur, Rajasthan, India

Correspondence Address:
Asha Asha
Department of Zoology, Centre for Advanced Studies, University of Rajasthan, Jaipur - 302 004, Rajasthan
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Source of Support: The Indian Council of Medical Research, New Delhi for the fi nancial support (project No. 5/10/2/2005-RHN), Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/2278-344X.143075

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Background: Lifestyle factors are the amendable habits and ways of life that can greatly influence overall health and well-being, including fertility. Infertility is a medico-socio problem, and a large proportion of childless people are confronted with social stigmatization and personal frustration. It has become more socially acceptable to delay fatherhood, but the heritable consequences of this trend remain poorly understood. Advancing paternal age, occupation and lifestyle has been implicated in a broad range of abnormal reproductive and genetic outcomes. Objective: The study presents a preliminary datum about the relationship of age, occupation and verified lifestyle on semen parameters in infertile males of Jaipur (Rajasthan). Materials and Methods: Clinical examination, history of infertility, age, occupation, lifestyle, etc., of 102 infertile subjects were recorded predesigned performa. Results: Based on age subjects were divided into two groups. The respective age of infertile subjects in groups I and II ranged 19-30 years and 31-45 years. A significant (P < 0.05) decline was observed in sperm motility and vitality above the age of 30 years (group II) as compared to below than 30 years (group I) of age. A significant inverse (r = −0.25, −0.20, P < 0.05) correlation were found between sperm motility and vitality to age of group II. In group I, conversely, these parameters was found to be positively correlated with age. Highest prevalence of azoospermia occurs in farmers (66.66%, 50%) in groups I and II. The least azoospermia was found among casual laborers in both high and low age groups. In group, I highest percentage of azoospermia (55.55%) subject were alcoholic, and smoker (50%) and 50% severe oligozoospermia subjects were smokers in both the groups. Conclusion: The age is intimately related to decreasing in sperm motility and vitality, whereas, least effect is observed on sperm count. Occupationally, the highest prevalence of abnormal semen quality is noticed in farmers. Lifestyle of alcohol consumption and smoking further diminishes the semen quality. Our findings may have important implications for men who choose to delay fatherhood and occupationally exposure to solvents and alcoholics.

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