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Year : 2018  |  Volume : 7  |  Issue : 4  |  Page : 217-221

Stroke upper extremity rehabilitation: Effect of bilateral arm training

1 Department of Occupational Therapy, National Institute for Locomotor Disabilities, Kolkata, West Bengal, India
2 Department of Psychiatry, IMS and SUM Hospital, Siksha O Anusandhan University, Bhubaneswar, Odisha, India

Correspondence Address:
Ms. Damayanti Sethy
Department of Occupational Therapy, National Institute for Locomotor Disabilities, BT Road, Bonhoogly, Kolkata - 700 090, West Bengal
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/ijhas.IJHAS_125_17

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OBJECTIVES: The main objective of this study is to investigate the effect of bilateral arm training on upper extremity motor and functional recovery in stroke hemiparesis. METHODOLOGY: Twenty-eight patients with chronic stroke, attending the Department of Occupational Therapy, National Institute for the locomotor disabilities, Kolkata, West Bengal, India, participated in a single-blinded randomized pretest and posttest control group experimental study. Patients were randomized over two intervention groups; experimental group received bilateral arm training (n = 14) and the control group received an equally intensive conventional treatment program (n = 14). Each group received intensive training for 1 h/day, 5 days/week, and for 6 weeks. Pretreatment and posttreatment measurements were taken for upper extremity motor ability, functional ability, and functional use of the upper extremity using Fugl-Meyer Assessment of Physical performance (FMA-upper extremity section), Action Research Arm Test, and Motor Activity Log, respectively. RESULTS: Bilateral arm training (P = 0.01) group showed statistically significant improvement in upper extremity functioning on Action Research Arm Test score in comparison to the conventional therapy group (P = 0.33). The bilateral arm training group also had greater improvements in FMA and Motor Activity Log score compared to conventional therapy group. CONCLUSION: Bilateral arm training can be used as a better treatment choice for improving upper extremity function in comparison to conventional therapy.

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