International Journal of Health & Allied Sciences

ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year
: 2015  |  Volume : 4  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 135--140

Risk factors for falls among elderly: A community-based study


Savita S Patil1, SP Suryanarayana2, Rajaram Dinesh2, NS Shivraj2, NS Murthy2 
1 Department of Community Medicine, BGS Global Institute of Medical Sciences, Bengaluru, Karnataka, India
2 Department of M S Ramaiah Medical College, Bengaluru, Karnataka, India

Correspondence Address:
Savita S Patil
Department of Community Medicine, BGS Global Institute of Medical Sciences, Uttarahalli Main Road, Kengeri, Bengaluru - 560 056, Karnataka
India

Context: Majority of falls are multifactorial and results from a complex interplay of predisposing and precipitating factors. Falls and their sequelae are potentially preventable. Aims: To determine the risk factors for falls among the elderly. Settings and Design: A community-based cross-sectional study in urban part of Bengaluru. Subjects and Methods: Study conducted for a period of 1-year, among elderly population 60 years and above, were residents since 1-year. Complete enumeration by census methodology applied. A pretested semi-structured questionnaire was administered to collect information about falls. Statistical Analysis Used: Univariate and multivariate logistic regression employed using SPSS version 18. Results: Of the 416 elderly persons studied, prevalence of falls rate 29.8%. The rate of fall for medical factors varied 33.3% diabetes mellitus to 71.4% foot problems. Among the people with behavioral factors, higher fall rate seen among those who were underweight 77.7%, abnormal finding in balance test 59.5%, abnormal gait 51.4%, low Mini Mental State Examination score 50%, Obese 50%, those who had difficulty with steps/stairs 45.3%, habit of smoking 45.1%, low activities of daily living score 45.4%, persons with abnormal get up and go test 43.8% and those who were on alcohol 43.1%. Logistic regression analysis revealed elderly with backache, nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, visual problem, difficulty in getting on/off toilet, smoking, cataract, TCA«SQ»s loose slipper outside home were at higher risk of fall, was found to be statistically significant. Conclusions: Majority of the falls in the elderly are due to medical, behavioral factors which are predictable and preventable.


How to cite this article:
Patil SS, Suryanarayana S P, Dinesh R, Shivraj N S, Murthy N S. Risk factors for falls among elderly: A community-based study.Int J Health Allied Sci 2015;4:135-140


How to cite this URL:
Patil SS, Suryanarayana S P, Dinesh R, Shivraj N S, Murthy N S. Risk factors for falls among elderly: A community-based study. Int J Health Allied Sci [serial online] 2015 [cited 2022 Aug 16 ];4:135-140
Available from: https://www.ijhas.in/article.asp?issn=2278-344X;year=2015;volume=4;issue=3;spage=135;epage=140;aulast=Patil;type=0